Some states prohibit names that contain accents and/or non-English letters. Others, such as Alaska, Hawaii, Kansas, North Carolina and Oregon, allow accents and some foreign letters on birth certificates and other government-issued documents. Tennessee`s law is silent on first names, but there are complex rules for surnames. The court may invite both parents to appear and present their arguments. The court considers several factors in deciding whether it is in the best interests of the child to change his or her name. These include: A father may want to change his child`s name or surname for a number of reasons, such as adopting a child or establishing paternity. It`s $185 to add the middle name, I haven`t done it yet but I plan to do it in the future. Jean Twenge, a professor at San Diego State University, believes the shift to unique baby names is one facet of cultural change in America that prioritizes individuality over conformity.  Let`s say Mom really wants to call the baby “James,” but Dad really wants to call him “Justin.” You can`t find a compromise. In other states, the child may take the mother`s maiden name as long as both parents agree. Florida If parents can`t agree on a name, neither can be listed on the birth certificate until both parents sign an agreement or a court chooses a name. Traditionally, the right to name one`s child or oneself at will has been upheld by court decisions and is rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment`s Due Process Clause and the First Amendment`s Free Speech Clause, but there are some limitations.
Restrictions vary from state to state, but most are for practical reasons. For example, several states limit the number of characters that can be used due to limitations in the software used for official registration. For similar reasons, some states prohibit the use of numerical digits or pictograms. Some states prohibit the use of blasphemies. There are also a few states, Kentucky for example, that have no name laws at all.   In the absence of laws regulating the use of names, many American names appear that follow the use of the name in movies, television, or media. Children can be named after their parents` favorite characters.    Some city names contain diacritics, even in U.S. states that prohibit diacritics in people`s legal names (see List of U.S.
cities with diacritics). Arizona In Arizona, there is a limit of 141 characters – 45 for the first name, 45 for the middle, 45 for the last and 6 for a suffix. Apostrophes, hyphens, dots and spaces are fine. Surprisingly, some states don`t require you to name your baby at all (which raises the question of what to call him on the playground). In Connecticut, Michigan, and Nevada, there is no need to choose a name at all, or at least submit a name to the state. While it`s apparently okay to call your child Messiah or a saint, most states have restrictions on names: both parents have the right to name their children. If you or the other parent wants to change your child`s name, you must both agree to the change. If the other parent refuses consent, you must get permission from the court. The great-grandfather started filling out the form and remembered that he hated that middle name. I couldn`t think of anything better, so he “forgot” to fill in the middle name on the form.
When my great-grandmother learned of the deception, they were too poor to order name change forms, so my grandmother never had a middle name. Vermont Vermont says, “You can use brand names (IBM), diseases (carbuncles), and profanity, but we strongly advise against it.” My best friend from the college grandmother (I know, sorry) was the youngest of 13 kids. Her parents literally had no names to give her (after the 8th, I probably would have named her after things in the room), so the nurse wrote “baby” as her name. Her older sister “named” her after a few months, but her official name is baby to this day. Texas In Texas, you must stay below 100 letters for first name, middle name, and last name in total. Special characters, numbers and diacritics such as accents, tildes (ñ) or umlauts (ö) cannot be used. So you can call Baby John Smith III, but not John Smith the 3rd – and no way, Jose! His first name became my father`s middle name; His parents and sisters call my father by his middle name, but everyone calls him by his first name. New Mexico diacritics, special characters and the names Baby Boy, Baby Girl, Male and Female are prohibited. Some names are capitalized in the middle (LeVar Burton, LaToya Jackson, Richard McMillan). In the machine-readable area of a passport, the name is written only in capital letters (LEVAR, LATOYA, MCMILLAN).
The use of the surname as a given name is becoming increasingly popular in the United States, although the origin of this practice is unclear. In one of her books on Southern culture, Marlyn Schwartz reports that it has long been common practice for Southern families to use surnames as given names.  Laura Wattenberg, author of Baby Name Wizard, explains that the practice became popular in the early 20th century when poor immigrants chose names that associated them with the sophistication of English aristocracy and literature, many of which were surnames. Example: Landis Kulp is also a combination of two surnames. This common name is my middle name, although absolutely no one calls me that. The only time it appears are government forms, and my annoyed mother “reminds me” that I have a middle name every time she hears me say that my initials are BS (literally my initials and first name). I know that anonymous baby shelters, at least in Kentucky, are called “baby boy” or “little girl.” As in the first and last name typically, but I also saw “Baby Girl” deer. Oklahoma Oklahoma has no naming laws, but its system limits names to the English alphabet. Montana Montana doesn`t have rules for baby names, but its data system doesn`t allow special symbols. If a parent wishes to use a symbol, once they have received the birth certificate, they can register it and return it to the Archives of Life for approval. Despite Americans` freedom of names, there is controversy. In 2013, Tennessee Judge Lu Ann Ballew ruled that a young boy named Messiah should change his name to Martin: “This is a title won by one person.